More on Joint Canada-U.S. Border Crossings

Last month, BTBObserver blogged on a proposal to create a joint customs station for the New International Trade Crossing (NIBC), a planned border bridge border crossing between Windsor and Detroit.

As mentioned in that post, there are already existing joint Canada-U.S. customs stations.  After reaching out to the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), BTBObserver can share more information on existing joint Canada-U.S. border crossings.

Currently, there are six joint Canada-U.S. customs stations that stretch from Vermont to Washington State.  All are relatively new, with three built in the 1990s and another three constructed after the Canada-United States Accord on Our Shared Border (the Accord) in 1995.

Read CBSA’s email to BTBObserver after the jump:

There are six locations where the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) physically shares Port of Entry (POE) facilities with the United States Customs and Border Patrol (US CBP).  They are as follows.

  1. Noyan, Quebec – Alburg, Vermont
  2. Climax, Saskatchewan – Turner, Montana
  3. Coutts, Alberta – Sweetgrass, Montana
  4. Little Gold, Yukon – Poker Creek, Alaska
  5. Carson, British Columbia – Danville, Washington
  6. Osoyoos, British Columbia – Oroville, Washington

The Noyan/Alburg, Climax/Turner and Carson/Danville were constructed in the 1990’s.  The decision to construct a joint facility was partly undertaken in response to Officer Health and Safety concerns.  At the time of construction, the POE’s on both sides of the border were often staffed by only one officer, and the co-location afforded a degree of security and enhanced response in case of emergencies.

The facilities at Little Gold/Poker Creek, Osoyoos/Oroville, and Coutts/Sweetgrass were constructed under the umbrella of the Canada-United States Accord on Our Shared Border (the Accord) that was announced in 1995.  The Accord was developed as a blueprint to allow both governments to strengthen their partnership by offering their citizens new and innovative programs and services, at a time when governments are becoming smaller and more fiscally responsible to their citizens.   The Accord committed both governments to:

  • promote international trade;
  • facilitate the movement of people;
  • provide enhanced protection against drugs, smuggling, and the illegal and irregular movement of people; and
  • reducing costs to both governments and the public.

The construction of the joint facilities was initiated with the objective to reduce costs to both governments by exploring means of sharing facilities for border inspection services.  The selection of the three locations for the construction of joint facilities followed an extensive bi-national coordinated review of building condition reports and capital investment plans and, ultimately, the sites were chosen because the existing inspection facilities at both the Canadian and U.S. POE’s had been identified for traditional stand-alone POE redevelopment projects.

The CBSA is unable to provide comment on funding provided by the United States, but funding for the Canadian components of the joint facilities was provided from the Agency’s existing budget.  There was no special funding allotment for the Canadian portion of the projects.

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